Paper: Gender Bias in Teaching Evaluations

Mengel, F., Sauermann, J., & Zölitz, U. (2019). Gender bias in teaching evaluations. Journal of the European Economic Association, 17, 535-566.


This paper provides new evidence on gender bias in teaching evaluations. We exploit a quasi-experimental dataset of 19,952 student evaluations of university faculty in a context where students are randomly allocated to female or male instructors. Despite the fact that neither students’ grades nor self-study hours are affected by the instructor’s gender, we find that women receive systematically lower teaching evaluations than their male colleagues. This bias is driven by male students’ evaluations, is larger for mathematical courses, and particularly pronounced for junior women. The gender bias in teaching evaluations we document may have direct as well as indirect effects on the career progression of women by affecting junior women’s confidence and through the reallocation of instructor resources away from research and toward teaching.


I must say, I find this quite disturbing… :frowning: As a lecturer of STEM sciences, I have to say that mostly men in my classes throughout the years (in a couple of cases) were indeed more critical or even trolling or very hostile… Thought it was my idea, but now it makes more sense… I believe it’s the way some males are brought-up by their families. Also their cultural/religious background it plays a critical role too…

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